iOS 8 Notifications in Swift

Shrikar Archak / November 25, 2014

3 min read

iOS 8 Notifications in Swift

In this iOS Development tutorial series we will look at notifications and how to use them in our Swift app.

User Notification

These are the interactions which user can interact with or see that are delivered by your app when the app is in the background mode. * Badge Notification * Sound Notification * Alerts

  * Modal Alert stay until user interact
  * Alert in the notification center
  * Alert displayed on the lock screen.

User notification can be delivered locally using UILocalNotification or remotely using Push Notification

Registering for User Notification

func application(application: UIApplication, didFinishLaunchingWithOptions launchOptions: [NSObject: AnyObject]?) -> Bool { let notificationType = UIUserNotificationType.Alert | UIUserNotificationType.Badge | UIUserNotificationType.Sound let settings = UIUserNotificationSettings(forTypes: notificationType, categories: nil) application.registerUserNotificationSettings(settings) return true }

After the alert for getting the permission is shown the didRegisterUserNotificationSettings is called with the necessary notification settings the user has allowed.

Notification Actions

In this section we will describe the workflow for dealing with Notification Actions.

  • Register for Notification Action
  • Push/Schedule Notification
  • Handle Notification Action

If you are interested in learning iOS Development I suggest you take a look at [Building an app every month in 2015]

Register for Notification Actions

let notificationType = UIUserNotificationType.Alert | UIUserNotificationType.Badge | UIUserNotificationType.Sound let acceptAction = UIMutableUserNotificationAction() acceptAction.identifier = "Accept" acceptAction.title = "Accept" acceptAction.activationMode = UIUserNotificationActivationMode.Background acceptAction.destructive = false acceptAction.authenticationRequired = false

let declineAction = UIMutableUserNotificationAction() declineAction.identifier = "Decline" declineAction.title = "Decline" declineAction.activationMode = UIUserNotificationActivationMode.Background declineAction.destructive = false declineAction.authenticationRequired = false

let category = UIMutableUserNotificationCategory() category.identifier = "invite" category.setActions([acceptAction, declineAction], forContext: UIUserNotificationActionContext.Default) let categories = NSSet(array: [category]) let settings = UIUserNotificationSettings(forTypes: notificationType, categories: categories) application.registerUserNotificationSettings(settings)

Schedule Local Notification

The next step once we have configured the settings is to schedule local notification. Make sure the category is what we have configured in our case invite identifier.

var localNotification:UILocalNotification = UILocalNotification() localNotification.alertAction = "Testing notifications on iOS8" localNotification.alertBody = "Local notifications are working" localNotification.fireDate = NSDate(timeIntervalSinceNow: 5) localNotification.soundName = UILocalNotificationDefaultSoundName localNotification.category = "invite" UIApplication.sharedApplication().scheduleLocalNotification(localNotification)

Handle Local Notification

After we schedule the notification we need to perform certain action depending on what option the user selected. We need to implement the function handleActionWithIdentifier which gets called when the user selects any of the option.

func application(application: UIApplication, handleActionWithIdentifier identifier: String?, forLocalNotification notification: UILocalNotification, completionHandler: () -> Void) { NSLog("Handle identifier : \(identifier)") // Must be called when finished completionHandler() }

Remote Notification

This by itself needs a complete blog post take a look at Remote Notification or Tuts+ Remote Notification

Location Notification

Location notification helps app in triggering a notification when the user enter a particular region. Location notification can be configured to trigger once or multiple times.

Prerequisite

Registering core location.

let locationManager = CLLocationManager() locationManager.delegate = self locationManager.requestWhenInUseAuthorization()

Scheduling Local Notification

One thing to note is that when scheduling a location notification make sure you dont have a firedate set for the local notification as it would crash if we set both the fire data as well as the region together.

var localNotification:UILocalNotification = UILocalNotification() localNotification.regionTriggersOnce = true localNotification.region = CLCircularRegion(circularRegionWithCenter: CLLocationCoordinate2D(latitude: 37.33233141, longitude: -122.03121860), radius: 50.0, identifier: "Location1") UIApplication.sharedApplication().scheduleLocalNotification(localNotification)

Let me know if you have any questions / suggestion in the comments below.

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Shrikar Archak

@shrikar84

IndieHacker and Software Developer. Getting started to build in public.Tweet me @shrikar84 for any collaboration opportunity or brainstorming.

#developer#ml-engineer#seo

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